The Berlin Wall was one of the most significant landmarks in modern history. Its construction and subsequent fall had a profound impact on Germany and the world. In this article, we will explore when they finished building the Berlin Wall and the key events surrounding its construction.
Construction of the Berlin Wall
The construction of the Berlin Wall began in the early hours of August 13, 1961. The wall was erected by the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) to divide East and West Berlin. It effectively cut off West Berlin, which was governed by democratic West Germany, from the surrounding East German territory.
The decision to build the wall was made to prevent further migration from East to West Germany. Many East Germans were leaving for the greater political and economic freedoms offered in West Germany. This mass exodus was seen as a threat to the political stability of East Germany.
Timeline of Key Events
August 13, 1961
The construction of the Berlin Wall began. It started with the placement of barbed wire fencing, and later evolved into a concrete structure.
June 26, 1963
President John F. Kennedy visited West Berlin and gave his famous “Ich bin ein Berliner” speech in support of West Berlin’s inhabitants and their fight for freedom.
August 17, 1962
Two years after the construction began, the Berlin Wall was considered complete. It consisted of concrete segments, guard towers, anti-vehicle trenches, and other security measures.
November 9, 1989
The Berlin Wall’s fall began when the East German government announced that citizens of East Germany could cross the border into West Germany. This announcement led to celebrations and the eventual demolition of the wall.
Effects of the Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall became a powerful symbol of the Cold War. It separated families and friends, imposed strict control over movement, and represented the divide between communism and democracy. The fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989, marked the beginning of the reunification of East and West Germany.
The fall of the Berlin Wall was a momentous occasion, and it symbolized the end of the Cold War era. It represented the victory of freedom, democracy, and the desire for reunification.
The construction of the Berlin Wall began on August 13, 1961, and it was considered complete on August 17, 1962. This wall stood as a physical and ideological barrier for nearly three decades, dividing a city and a nation. Its fall in 1989 brought about significant changes in Germany and marked the end of the Cold War.
The construction and eventual dismantling of the Berlin Wall will forever serve as a reminder of the human desire for freedom and the power of unity.