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What Was the Length of the Berlin Wall?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Cold War Tour Berlin

Welcome to our blog post on the historical topic of the Berlin Wall. This iconic structure, built in 1961, divided the city of Berlin for almost three decades. In this article, we will explore the length of the Berlin Wall and provide you with a deeper understanding of its historical significance.

The Length of the Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall extended a total length of approximately 155 kilometers (96 miles). It essentially encircled West Berlin, separating it from East Germany. The wall included various elements such as concrete walls, barbed wire, guard towers, and anti-vehicle trenches, making it a formidable physical barrier.

The Inner and Outer Wall

The Berlin Wall was not a singular structure but consisted of two main sections: the inner wall and the outer wall. The inner wall, also known as the “Hinterlandmauer,” formed the first line of defense and was built closer to the East German border. It was primarily made of concrete and heavily fortified, with an average height of 3.6 meters (12 feet).

The outer wall, referred to as the “Grenzmauer 75,” ran parallel to the inner wall and provided additional security measures. This secondary barrier featured trenches, anti-vehicle obstacles, and anti-personnel fortifications, creating a militarized zone between the two walls.

Checkpoint Charlie

Checkpoint Charlie was one of the most well-known crossing points along the Berlin Wall. It served as a symbol of the Cold War division between East and West. This checkpoint was located in the Friedrichstraße and was designated as the single crossing point for foreigners and diplomats.

Visitors passing through Checkpoint Charlie experienced strict security procedures, including passport checks and inspections. The area surrounding the checkpoint is now a popular tourist destination, providing historical context and exhibits about the Berlin Wall.

The Fall of the Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall stood as a physical and ideological barrier for 28 years. However, its fall came abruptly on November 9, 1989. The events leading up to the fall were tumultuous, with peaceful protests and political changes sweeping across Eastern Europe.

The fall of the Berlin Wall marked a pivotal moment in history, symbolizing the end of the Cold War and the reunification of Germany. Today, remnants of the wall serve as a reminder of the division and triumph over adversity.


The length of the Berlin Wall spanned approximately 155 kilometers (96 miles), enclosing West Berlin and separating it from East Germany. The wall comprised two main sections, the inner wall and the outer wall, featuring various security measures. The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 signified the eventual reunification of Germany and the end of the Cold War.

What Was the Length of the Berlin Wall?