The Cold War, a period of political tension between the United States and the Soviet Union, had a significant impact on Berlin. Following World War II, the city of Berlin became divided, with the Eastern part falling under Soviet control and the Western part controlled by the Allies. This division led to the presence of various troops from different countries in Berlin during the Cold War. Let’s explore which troops were stationed in Berlin and their roles.
1. Soviet Troops
The Soviet Union stationed a substantial number of troops in Berlin during the Cold War. These troops were part of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany (GSFG). Their presence reflected the Soviet Union’s control over East Berlin and East Germany. The GSFG was responsible for maintaining order, protecting Soviet interests, and ensuring allegiance to the Soviet government.
2. U.S. Troops
The United States also stationed troops in Berlin during this period. The U.S. Army’s presence in West Berlin was a symbol of American commitment to protecting the city and supporting its Western allies. The troops played a crucial role in deterring any potential aggression from the Soviet Union or its allies.
2.1 Berlin Brigade
Within the U.S. Army, the Berlin Brigade was specifically assigned to West Berlin during the Cold War. The Berlin Brigade consisted of infantry, artillery, armor, and support units. Their primary mission was to ensure the defense and stability of West Berlin.
3. British Troops
Alongside the Soviet and U.S. troops, British troops were also stationed in Berlin. The presence of British troops in West Berlin was a firm commitment to Allied efforts in protecting the city and demonstrating solidarity with their U.S. counterparts.
3.1 British Army of the Rhine (BAOR)
The British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) was responsible for the British military presence in West Berlin. They were part of the larger British forces stationed in Germany at the time. BAOR troops worked alongside their American counterparts under the overall command of NATO.
4. French Troops
French troops were also stationed in Berlin during the Cold War. Their presence, similar to the British forces, showcased the Allied commitment to the defense of West Berlin.
4.1 French Forces in Germany
The French Forces in Germany (FFG) were responsible for the French military presence in Berlin. The FFG had a significant role in maintaining stability and contributing to the overall defense strategy of the Allies.
5. Other Allied Forces
Additional troops from various countries formed part of the Allied forces stationed in Berlin during the Cold War. These included Canadian, Australian, and Belgian troops, among others. Their presence demonstrated the broad international support for the protection of West Berlin.
During the Cold War, Berlin became a symbolic battleground between the East and the West. The presence of troops from the Soviet Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and other Allied countries exemplified the importance placed on the defense and stability of the divided city. Their commitment to Berlin’s protection played a crucial role in preventing any potential escalation and ensuring the city’s survival during this intense period of political tension.