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The History of Third Reich Sites in Berlin

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Cold War Tour Berlin

When visiting Berlin, it is impossible to ignore the city’s historical significance during the Third Reich. This dark period in history, characterized by Nazi rule from 1933 to 1945, left a lasting impact on the city’s architecture, museums, and memorials. In this article, we will explore the key sites in Berlin associated with the Third Reich, providing you with valuable insights to navigate and understand the historical context.

1. The Reichstag Building

The Reichstag Building, located in Berlin’s district of Mitte, is an iconic symbol of German democracy. During the Third Reich, the building was severely damaged by a fire in 1933, which the Nazis used as a pretext to suspend civil liberties and consolidate their power. Today, the restored Reichstag serves as the seat of the German Bundestag, offering visitors a chance to witness the fusion of historical and modern architecture.

2. Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, also known as the Holocaust Memorial, stands as a solemn tribute to the six million Jewish victims of the Holocaust. This memorial consists of 2,711 concrete slabs arranged in a grid pattern on a sloping field. Walking through this thought-provoking structure offers a powerful and somber experience, urging visitors to remember and reflect upon the atrocities committed during the Third Reich.

3. Topography of Terror

The Topography of Terror exhibition, located on the former site of the Gestapo and SS headquarters, provides an in-depth exploration of the Nazi regime’s methods of repression and control. Through photographs, documents, and testimonies, visitors gain insights into the initiation and implementation of Nazi policies and the role of various organizations. The exhibition is a somber reminder of the crimes against humanity committed during the Third Reich.

4. Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp

Located just outside Berlin, Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp offers a chilling reminder of the horrors inflicted upon prisoners during World War II. This memorial site features reconstructed barracks, guard towers, and chilling exhibitions that offer an insight into daily life within the camp. Visiting Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp is a stark reminder of the consequences of unchecked power and serves as a testament to the importance of human rights.

5. Wannsee Conference House

The Wannsee Conference House is where high-ranking Nazi officials met in 1942 to plan the “Final Solution,” the systematic extermination of European Jews. The villa, located on the outskirts of Berlin, now serves as a museum documenting the history of the conference and the implementation of the Holocaust. A visit to this site provides a chilling reminder of the bureaucratic machinery behind one of history’s greatest tragedies.

6. Olympic Stadium

The Berlin Olympic Stadium, built for the 1936 Summer Olympics, stands as a testament to the Third Reich’s propaganda and their attempt to showcase their ideology to the world. The stadium reflects Nazi architecture, with its grandeur and imposing presence. Visitors can explore the stadium, learn about its history, and witness the legacy of the Olympics in the face of Nazi propaganda.

7. Documentation Center Nazi Party Rally Grounds

Although located in Nuremberg, the Documentation Center Nazi Party Rally Grounds offers valuable insights into the massive propaganda events held by the Nazis. The site includes the unfinished Congress Hall and an exhibition showcasing the rise of the Nazi Party and their exploitation of mass rallies. While not in Berlin, this museum provides a deeper understanding of the Third Reich’s propaganda machine.


Visiting Third Reich sites in Berlin is a powerful and educational experience. These sites serve as reminders of the atrocities committed during the Nazi era and help us understand the consequences of unchecked power. By exploring these locations, visitors gain insight into the historical context, fostering a deeper appreciation for democracy and human rights. Remember to approach these sites with respect, sensitivity, and a willingness to learn from the past.

The History of Third Reich Sites in Berlin