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The Dark History: Exploring Berlin’s Third Reich Sites

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Cold War Tour Berlin

When visiting Berlin, it’s important to acknowledge and understand the city’s past, particularly its association with the Third Reich. The capital of Germany played a significant role during this period in history, and there are numerous sites that bear witness to this dark chapter. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the subject matter to provide a comprehensive guide for those interested in exploring Berlin’s Third Reich sites.

1. Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe

One of the most poignant and culturally significant monuments in Berlin is the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, also known as the Holocaust Memorial. Located near Brandenburg Gate, this site commemorates the millions of Jewish lives lost during the Holocaust.

Visitors can walk through the Field of Stelae, a maze of 2,711 concrete slabs of varying heights that create an immersive and thought-provoking experience. Beneath the memorial, you’ll find the Information Centre, which provides additional historical context and personal stories of the victims.

2. Topography of Terror

The Topography of Terror is an exhibition complex situated on the former site of the Gestapo and SS headquarters. It provides a comprehensive overview of the terror apparatus of the Nazi regime. The exhibition includes photographs, documents, and detailed explanations that shed light on the atrocities committed during that time.

Adjacent to the exhibition, visitors can also see remnants of the Berlin Wall, giving a unique perspective on both the Nazi regime and the division of Berlin during the Cold War.

3. Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp

Located just outside of Berlin, Sachsenhausen was one of the first concentration camps established by the Nazis. Today, it serves as a memorial and museum, preserving the history of the camp and ensuring that the victims are not forgotten.

Visiting Sachsenhausen allows you to explore the reconstructed barracks, watchtowers, and memorials that stand as a reminder of the horrors endured by prisoners. Guided tours are available, providing deeper insights into the daily life, atrocities, and liberation of the camp.

4. Reichstag Building

The Reichstag Building is the seat of the German Parliament and witnessed several crucial events during the Third Reich. The building itself is an architectural masterpiece and has been reconstructed with a modern glass dome, offering panoramic views of Berlin.

Inside, you’ll find an exhibition documenting the history of the building, including the arson attack in 1933 that the Nazis used as a pretext to consolidate their power. Visitors can also join guided tours to learn more about the political events and significant figures associated with the Reichstag.

5. Olympic Stadium

While primarily known for hosting the 1936 Olympic Games, which the Nazis used for propaganda purposes, the Olympic Stadium in Berlin is an impressive architectural landmark that carries historical significance.

The stadium offers guided tours that explore its history, including the impact of hosting the Olympics under the Nazi regime. This includes the story of Jesse Owens, the African-American athlete who broke racial barriers by winning four gold medals at the games.


Exploring Berlin’s Third Reich sites allows visitors to dive deep into the city’s complex past and gain a profound understanding of the impact of this dark period in history. The memorials, museums, and landmarks serve as reminders of the atrocities committed and the importance of learning from past mistakes.

Remember to approach these sites with respect and sensitivity, keeping in mind the gravity of the events that transpired. By doing so, you can pay homage to the victims while learning valuable lessons that will ensure such horrors are never repeated.

The Dark History: Exploring Berlin’s Third Reich Sites