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Exploring East Berlin: Must-Visit Landmarks

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Cold War Tour Berlin


Welcome to East Berlin, a city with a rich history, unique culture, and fascinating landmarks. In this blog post, we will explore some of the must-visit landmarks in East Berlin, perfect for those who are new to the city and want to delve into its historical and architectural wonders.

1. Brandenburg Gate

The Brandenburg Gate is arguably the most iconic landmark in Berlin and serves as a symbol of the city’s reunification. Built in the late 18th century, this neoclassical monument stands as a historical symbol of peace and unity. Take a stroll through Pariser Platz, the square in front of the gate, and soak in its grandeur. Don’t forget your camera!


  • Visit at night when the gate is beautifully illuminated.
  • Consider taking a guided tour to learn more about its significance.

2. Berlin Wall Memorial

No trip to East Berlin is complete without a visit to the Berlin Wall Memorial. This site commemorates the division of the city during the Cold War era. Walk along the preserved sections of the wall, learn about the harrowing stories of escape attempts, and reflect upon the struggles faced by those living in divided Berlin.


  • Visit the Documentation Center to gain deeper insights into the wall’s history.
  • Look for the “Death Strip” and imagine what life was like for those on both sides.

3. Checkpoint Charlie

A visit to Checkpoint Charlie offers a glimpse into the past. This former border crossing between East and West Berlin played a crucial role during the Cold War. Today, it’s an open-air museum where you can learn about the escape stories, see replica guardhouses, and take photos next to actors dressed as soldiers. It’s a tangible reminder of the city’s divided history.


  • Explore the nearby Mauermuseum, which houses exhibitions on escape attempts.
  • Take a walking tour to learn fascinating stories about the checkpoint.

4. Berlin Cathedral

Marvel at the stunning architecture of the Berlin Cathedral, located on Museum Island. This majestic Protestant church is a blend of Renaissance, Gothic, and Baroque styles. Climb to the top of the dome for breathtaking views of the city, or explore the crypt to admire the intricate tombs of Prussian royals.


  • Consider attending an organ concert inside the cathedral for a memorable experience.
  • Pack comfortable shoes as there are many steps to climb if you choose to visit the dome.

5. Alexanderplatz

Alexanderplatz is a bustling square that offers a mix of historical significance and modern attractions. This vibrant area was the heart of East Berlin during the Cold War. Today, it’s home to various shops, restaurants, and the iconic TV Tower. Enjoy panoramic views of the city from the tower’s observation deck or explore nearby attractions like the World Clock and Fountain of International Friendship.


  • Try the famous Currywurst at Konnopke’s Imbiss, a famous sausage stand in the area.
  • Consider visiting during the Christmas season for a festive atmosphere and a traditional market.


East Berlin is a city that offers a captivating blend of history and culture. Exploring its landmarks allows you to immerse yourself in the city’s past and witness the resilience of its people. The Brandenburg Gate, Berlin Wall Memorial, Checkpoint Charlie, Berlin Cathedral, and Alexanderplatz are just a few of the landmarks that provide a glimpse into the city’s fascinating history. So, grab your map and get ready to embark on an unforgettable journey through the heart of East Berlin!

Exploring East Berlin: Must-Visit Landmarks